Infant Low Heart Rate or Palpitations

The heart rate is one of the most important elements of yours or your baby’s health. After all, when you go to a doctor’s appointment, the first thing the nursing staff does is take your baby’s (or yours, depending on whose appointment it is) blood pressure. This blood pressure number is something that gives a quick picture of what is generally going on with the patient’s health. If your baby’s heart rate is too low or too high, take a look at the following birth injuries implicated.

Preeclampsia

If the mother while delivery had high blood pressure, a high heart rate, palpitations, or hypertension, she can give the same heart health to the baby as the child is still connected to the umbilical cord, experiencing things as she experiences them.

As a result, when an infant is delivered with a severed umbilical cord, the baby may still experience palpitations, hypertension, or an elevated heart rate. Once the doctor has been made aware of this, the doctor can do whatever he or she needs to do to restore the baby to normal health.

Folic Acid Deficiency Anemia

Folic acid deficiency anemia occurs when the body is lacking folic acid. During pregnancy, women are at a higher risk of folic acid deficiency, as the body reserves folic acid for the infant. As a result, if a pregnant woman develops folic acid deficiency, a number of adverse conditions may affect her baby, including palpitations and low heart rate.

Other symptoms of folic acid deficiency anemia include breathlessness, lethargy, paleness, and tiredness. More extreme symptoms include dizziness, headaches, altered taste, ringing in the ears, numbness in the hands and feet, and –at its worse- depression.

Generally folic acid deficiency anemia is something that has been experienced for a long time by the time one of the symptoms is observed, so inform your physician of the potential for anemia and he or she can put your baby on medications, supplements, or a recommended diet that should improve the baby’s health in no time.

Group B Strep Infection

Group B strep infection is a bacterial infection that if left untreated, can be passed along to an infant during childbirth. Most pregnantwomen don’t even know they’re carrying the infection as there are little to no symptoms.

However, if infants develop group B strep infections, signs and symptoms may include:

  • Abnormal heart rate
  • Abnormal blood pressure
  • Poor feeding
  • Limp, weak muscles
  • Seizures
  • Bluish tint to the skin
  • Difficulties with breathing

Hypoxic Ischemic Encephalopathy (HIE)

Hypoxic ischemic encephalopathy (referred to as HIE) is a formal term for oxygen deprivation, a serious medical condition that can lead to brain damage. One of the symptoms for HIE is a low heart rate. Otherwise, the symptoms include: amniotic fluid is stained with meconium, muscle tone is poor or reflexes are weak, not breathing or weak breathing, seizures, skin color is bluish or pale, and too much acid is in the blood.

Tests to confirm HIE after symptoms have been assessed include: CT scan, MRI scan, echocardiogram, and ultrasound. Other more optional tests include electrocardiogram (EKG), electroencephalogram (EEG), and evoked potential tests. Generally, patients are evaluated on whether they have mild, moderate, or severe symptoms of HIE and the condition is moderated from there.